February 4, 2024

Foods to Avoid While Taking Jardiance: A Comprehensive Guide

Learn which foods to avoid while taking Jardiance to effectively manage diabetes and prevent potential complications. Optimize your treatment plan with expert dietary guidance.

Foods to Avoid While Taking Jardiance

Jardiance is a medication commonly prescribed to manage type 2 diabetes by helping to lower blood sugar levels. However, certain foods can interact with Jardiance, potentially affecting its effectiveness or causing adverse effects. Understanding which foods to avoid while taking Jardiance is crucial for maximizing its benefits and ensuring your overall health.

Understanding Jardiance and Its Mechanism

Before delving into the foods to avoid while on Jardiance, it’s essential to understand how this medication works. Jardiance, also known as empagliflozin, belongs to a class of drugs called SGLT2 inhibitors. These medications work by helping the kidneys remove glucose from the bloodstream through urine, thereby lowering blood sugar levels.

While Jardiance can be highly effective in managing diabetes when used correctly, certain dietary choices can interfere with its mechanism or exacerbate its side effects. Here’s a detailed look at the foods to steer clear of while on Jardiance:

Navigating a Diabetes-Friendly Diet: Foods to Avoid with Jardiance

1- High-Carb Foods

Carbohydrates are the primary source of glucose in the body. Consuming high-carb foods can lead to spikes in blood sugar levels, which may counteract the effects of Jardiance. It’s advisable to limit or avoid foods such as:

  • White bread
  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Sugary snacks and desserts
  • Sugary beverages like soda and fruit juices

2- High-Glycemic Index Foods

Foods with a high glycemic index (GI) can cause rapid spikes in blood sugar levels, which can be problematic for individuals taking Jardiance. These foods include:

  • White rice
  • Potatoes
  • Breakfast cereals
  • Watermelon
  • Pineapple

3- Processed Foods

Processed foods are often high in refined carbohydrates, added sugars, and unhealthy fats, making them less than ideal for individuals with diabetes. Additionally, the high sodium content in many processed foods can contribute to elevated blood pressure, a common concern for people with diabetes. Foods to avoid include:

  • Packaged snacks
  • Frozen meals
  • Fast food
  • Processed meats like bacon and sausage

4- Sugary Foods and Beverages

Foods and beverages high in added sugars can quickly raise blood sugar levels, leading to complications for individuals on Jardiance. It’s essential to limit or avoid:

  • Candy
  • Pastries
  • Sweetened cereals
  • Flavored yogurt
  • Sweetened coffee drinks

5- Alcohol

While moderate alcohol consumption may not directly interfere with Jardiance, excessive alcohol intake can lead to fluctuations in blood sugar levels and increase the risk of dehydration. Moreover, alcohol can interact with certain medications, including Jardiance, potentially leading to adverse effects. If you choose to drink alcohol, do so in moderation and monitor your blood sugar levels closely.

6- High-Sodium Foods

Consuming foods high in sodium can contribute to fluid retention and increased blood pressure, both of which can be problematic for individuals with diabetes. High-sodium foods to avoid include:

  • Processed meats
  • Canned soups
  • Potato chips
  • Frozen meals
  • Pickled foods

7- Foods High in Saturated and Trans Fats

Diets high in saturated and trans fats can worsen insulin resistance and increase the risk of cardiovascular complications, which are already elevated in individuals with diabetes. It’s crucial to limit or avoid foods such as:

  • Fried foods
  • Butter and margarine
  • Fatty cuts of meat
  • Full-fat dairy products
  • Commercially baked goods

8- High-Potassium Foods

While potassium is an essential nutrient, individuals taking Jardiance may need to monitor their intake of high-potassium foods, as this medication can increase potassium levels in the body. Foods rich in potassium include:

  • Bananas
  • Oranges
  • Potatoes
  • Tomatoes
  • Spinach


Maintaining a healthy diet is essential for managing type 2 diabetes effectively, especially when taking medications like Jardiance. By avoiding foods that can interfere with its mechanism or exacerbate its side effects, you can optimize the benefits of this medication and improve your overall health. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian for personalized dietary recommendations tailored to your specific needs and medical history. With the right approach to diet and medication management, you can better control your diabetes and reduce the risk of complications in the long term.

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